Deforestation accounts for 20% of all greenhouse gas emissions, and the UN bodies charged with mapping out the role of forestry offsets in a post-Kyoto climate-change regime are set to meet at least four more times before a final accord is hammered out in Copenhagen at the end of this year – beginning in June. Here's a guide to the best coverage of the debate so far.
With just over a half-year to go before a new global climate-change accord is slated to be reached in Copenhagen, advocates of forestry offsets are keeping a close eye on Brazil. Environmental Economist Carlos Eduardo Young of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro knows that turf better than most. EM Audio caught up to him on the fringes of Katoomba XIV...
Corporate buyers of forestry carbon offsets overwhelmingly prefer those that reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) – but they are also leery of investing too heavily in projects that may not be sanctioned by compliance regimes, according to a new study by EcoSecurities, ClimateBiz, Conservation International (CI), and the...
Farmers, indigenous tribes, and environmental NGOs across Brazil say they need direct payments for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) if they are going to help halt climate change, but the federal government remains opposed. Can a new declaration of consensus promote change at the top?...
UN negotiators meeting in Bonn, Germany, made progress on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD), while delegates to the Katoomba Meeting in Cuiabá, Brazil, broadly endorsed the use of REDD financing to save the Amazon Rainforest. Ecosystem Marketplace examines the best coverage of both proceedings.
On March 31, US Congressmen Henry Waxman and Ed Markey released the first official draft of the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACESA) covering 85% of US emissions. The emissions cap is more ambitious than expected with 2005 as a baseline: 3% below 2005 levels in 2012, 20% in 2020, 42% in 2030 and 83% below 2005 levels in 2050.
Governors from the Brazilian, Peruvian, and Bolivian states across which the Amazon Rainforest spreads participated in an unprecedented panel discussion in Mato Grasso at the 14th Katoomba Meeting there, and were told by Brazilian Environment Minister Carlos Minc that schemes promoting payments for ecosystem services are the Rainforest's best hope survival.
Conventional methods of reforestation in Africa have often failed. Even community-based projects with individual or community nurseries struggle to keep up the momentum once project funding ends. The obstacles working against reforestation are enormous. But a new method of reforestation called Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) could change this situation.
The Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO) is testing a new approach to disbursing funds collected under Brazil's Environmental Compensation Law. Dubbed the "Atlantic Forest Fund", it's designed to create a massive pool of liquidity for all forms of environmental finance impacting protected areas in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Fourth in a series leading up...
Brazil may lead the world in deforestation, but it's also a leader in using technology to try and reverse the process. The next step is measuring the amount of carbon captured in trees – and making sure it stays there. Ecosystem Marketplace examines the latest developments. Sixth in a Series leading up to the 14th Katoomba Meeting in Mato Grasso, Brazil.
The US Congress is considering a cap-and-trade bill based on the "Safe Markets Approach", which aims to reduce short-term price volatility and focus attention on long-term, cumulative emission reductions by tweaking supplies of allowances through an entity that backers compare to the Federal Reserve Board. Critics say that's the last thing we need.
If efforts to save the tropical rainforests by Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) ever yield large-scale results, it will be in part because of demonstration projects like those in Brazil's Guaraqueçaba Environmental Protection Area. Fifth in a series leading up to the 14th Katoomba Meeting in Mato Grasso, Brazil...
Deforestation accounts for roughly 17 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. So it is no surprise that in the runup to the December 2009 climate talks in Copenhagen, REDD – reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation – is emerging as a strategy with big potential for mitigating climate impacts.
Brazil is at the forefront of a debate between those advocating the use of the carbon markets to save tropical rainforests, and others insisting that national and international funds should do the work. Ecosystem Marketplace looks south to find where the two camps are finding common ground. Second in a series leading up to the 14th Katoomba Meeting in Mato Grasso, Brazil.
The European Commission has called for an OECD-wide carbon market by 2015 and ratcheted up calls for developing countries to keep their own emissions in check. One stick issue has been pushed to the back-burner – namely, how (and if) Europeans will be able to use offsets to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
More and more industrial companies are looking to reduce their carbon footprint by saving tropical rainforests. That means more demand for offset projects that reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. MGM Forestry Director Gabriel Thoumi says such projects must begin by reaching out to four disparate groups of people if they are to succeed.
Forestry advocates believe that halting the destruction of tropical rainforests is one of the easiest and most effective ways to slow global warming, and that's led to a surge in development of projects designed to capture carbon in leaves, stalks, and bogs, but no centralized information hub for keeping track of all the activity – until now.
Environmentalists have long voiced concern over the vanishing Amazon rainforest, but they haven't been particularly effective at slowing forest loss. With land prices fast appreciating, cattle ranching and industrial soy farms expanding, and billions of dollars' worth of new infrastructure projects in the works, development pressure on the Amazon is expected to accelerate.
Abstract Background Negotiations on a future climate policy framework addressing Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) are ongoing. Regardless of how such a framework will be designed, many technical solutions of estimating forest cover and forest carbon stock change exist to support policy in monitoring and accounting.