Methodology and Standards Watch

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By Forest Carbon Portal


UN CDM Executive Board Approved A/R Methodologies

 The CDM Executive Board has approved a number of A/R metholodogies and tools that can be accessed here.


Soil carbon for carbon sequestration and trading: a review of issues for agriculture and forestry

This review looks at factors that may influence organic soil carbon and issues facing its inclusion in a carbon trading scheme in the future. In order for organic soil carbon to be included in an enterprise-level carbon trading scheme, it must be measurable in an efficient and inexpensive way and at scales small enough to be applicable at the farm level. The review highlights areas where further information is needed.
Access the report here.


VCS Methodologies Open For Comment

The Voluntary Carbon Standard has posted several methodologies that are now open for comment. The methodologies include: Estimating GHG Emission Reductions from Planned Degradation (Improved Forest Management), Quantifying the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions from the Production and Incorporation of Soil of Biochar in Agricultural and Forest Management Systems, Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation, Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Frontier Deforestation and Afforestation/Reforestation of Agricultural Lands. Comments can be made here.


REDD Methodology Modules Project

A group of forest carbon experts are completing the first modular methodologies for REDD projects under the Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS). When released in late 2009, the REDD modules will enable development of REDD projects without investing in new methodologies on a project-by-project basis.
For more information click here.


UN Announces the First Agricultural CDM Methodology

The UN recently approved the first agricultural CDM methodology, which comes at an opportune time as the international community prepares for a follow-up treaty to the Kyoto Protocol and the US draws up plans for a monumental cap and trade program that will likely draw heavily on agricultural offsets. The methodology reduces nitrogen fertilizer use (and therefore CO2 emissions) by using a unique bacterium that stimulates the creation of nitrogen by the plant for its own use.
For more information click here.


Reforestation on Coffee Farms Benefits Farmers, Climate

By maintaining and increasing forest cover, coffee farmers can help mitigate climate change. In partnership with IFC (International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group), Rainforest Alliance, in collaboration with Pronatura Sur and ECOM Agroindustrial Corp, has recently completed a methodology and guidance for farmers and traders in implementing reforestation carbon projects that integrates with Rainforest Alliance certification audits to decrease the monitoring burden and increase opportunities for farmers to access the international carbon market. For more information about the Rainforest Alliance’s climate activities, visit or contact Julianne Baroody, The IFC contact for the project is Rick van der Kamp:



VCS Methodology Audit- REDD Methodology Modules

The Carbon Management Service of TüV SüD Industrie Service GmbH is carrying out a methodology audit according to the requirements of the Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS). The new methodology follows a modular approach and is intended to be used for projects that reduce emissions form deforestation and degradation. The methodology is currently not tied to a specific REDD project.

For the methodology modules click here.



VCS Methodology Audit: Baseline and Monitoring Methodology for REDD projects (mosaic), Terra Global Capital

The Carbon Management Service of TüV SüD is currently on the second round of auditing of a new methodology for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects according to the requirements of the Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS). The methodology is titled “Baseline and Monitoring Methodology for Project Actions that Reduce Emissions from Deforestation on Degrading Land” and is relevant for deforestation and degradation of the mosaic type. It can be applied in situations where a complex set of agents and drivers of deforestation and degradation interact.

The Methodology documentation is open for comments from June 29 to July 28, 2009

Click here to comment.

For the methodology documentation click here.





CarbonFix Standard Version 3 Available
The association CarbonFix released Version 3.0 of its quality-standard for climate forest projects. New features include the certification of ex-post credits and the acceptance of criteria from other forest related quality standards.
For more information click here.


Completed Forest Project Protocol Version 3.0 Now Available
The Climate Action Reserve is pleased to announce the completion of Version 3.0 of its Forest Project Protocol (FPP) and Project Implementation Agreement (PIA). Two drafts of the FPP are now posted on the Reserve's website.
For more information click here.


Consultation begins on draft new UK Forestry Standard

The Forestry Commission and the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development's (DARD) Forest Service are inviting comments from interested parties on a revision of the UK Forestry Standard (UKFS). For the first time the UKFS will address ways in which sustainable carbon benefits can be secured in forest management as a means of maximising forestry's contribution to climate change mitigation. This is explained in a new Guideline that provides advice on managing woodlands in a changing climate.
Download the Consultation Draft


Forest Carbon Project Standard, The American Carbon Registry

The American Carbon Registry™ developed the Forest Carbon Project Standard to provide a robust, innovative, and business-friendly standard for Project Proponents and market participants to originate, register, and trade high quality, low risk project-based forest carbon offsets for the U.S. carbon markets.

For the standard click here



Forest Project Protocol, Climate Action Reserve

The Climate Action Reserve recently released protocols for forest sector and forest project reporting and certification. The registry’s protocols incorporate a multistakeholder development process that encourages expert and public participation.

Click here for the standard.



Canada’s Offset System for Greenhouse Gases Overview Guide: Treatment of Biological Sink Projects

The Canadian government recently released draft guidelines for an offset system for greenhouse gases. Under the guidelines, there are three possible types of forest sink projects: afforestation/reforestation, avoided or reduced deforestation and forest management. The ministry has listed various existing protocols that can be adapted for Canadian projects. It said protocols designed by Alberta’s environment ministry for afforestation, landfill gas and combustion, reduced or no tillage, wind and anaerobic biodigester projects can be adapted for its offsets system. California-based Climate Action Reserve’s forest sector protocol can also be adapted for its programme, it said.

Click here for the draft guidelines.



Afforestation Quantification Protocol, Alberta

The Afforestation Project protocol considers reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through carbon sequestration by increasing the carbon stock (planting trees) on traditionally non forested lands such as cropped or forage land, urban land, agro-forestry operations and possibly industrial lands that have been reclaimed. The Alberta Offset System rules allow for projects to claim credit for past action (from 2002 onwards) and there is no deadline for accounting for past offsets as long as they can be verified.

Click here for the Alberta protocols.