SAN FRANCISCO | 18 July 2013 | Eight indigenous leaders from Latin America and Africa have joined corporate giants like Disney and Pacific Gas & Electric as well as non-governmental organizations like Environment Africa and the Skoll Foundation in urging the California Air Resources Board (ARB) to recognize carbon offsets generated by projects that save endangered rainforest in the developing world.
Among the signatories to a letter of support for the inclusion of REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation & Forest Degradation) are Chief Almir Surui, who spearheaded the creation of the first indigenous-led REDD project, and Chief Pascal Kizaka, who partnered in the creation of the first REDD project ever to sell credits under the Verified Carbon Standard. The letter comes as ARB prepares to finalize the state's climate policy, and several signatories have also submitted letters individually.
In an interview with Ecosystem Marketplace last month, Chief Almir said that he sees REDD as a way of bridging collective indigenous values and capitalist non-indigenous values.
“In the indigenous vision, the standing forest has intrinsic value that we collectively must protect, but in the vision of the non-indigenous, capitalist world, the standing forest will only be respected when it yields a result, a payment, some sort of deliverable,” he said. “REDD is a vehicle through which the capitalist system can recognize some of the value that we have always recognized.”
He emphasized, however, the need to provide safeguards for projects involving indigenous people.
“There are several different ways to develop REDD, and if someone from outside who doesn’t understand our rights and values comes in and wants to do REDD on indigenous lands solely for economic reasons, that could have negative ramifications,” he said. “That’s why it’s important for indigenous peoples to develop REDD as protagonists with autonomy and rights. If the forest survives, so does our traditional knowledge, and that gives us the opportunity to develop the territory in a sustainable way.”
Forests are disappearing at the alarming rate of 13 million hectares per year, accounting for an estimated 15% of total annual greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change experts largely agree that climate stability cannot be achieved without the conservation of the world's remaining forests. REDD+ is one of the best available solutions to this complex challenge.
The independent REDD Offsets Working Group has recommended a pathway for jurisdictional REDD+ to become an approved offset protocol within California's climate regulations. If approved, regulated entities would be allowed to meet up to 2% of their compliance obligations through approved jurisdictional REDD+ offsets until 2018, and up to 4% thereafter. These limitations ensure that regulated entities continue to cut emissions at source while also acknowledging the importance of tropical forests and sustainable land use within climate change policy.